George Rappard, M.D. is the founder and director of the Los Angeles Brain and Spine Institute. Dr. Rappard is a Neurointerventional Surgeon, specializing in minimally invasive surgery of the brain and spine. Dr. Rappard is board certified. Dr. Rappard focuses on the treatment and management of vascular diseases of the brain, neck and back pain, the management of critically ill neurological patients and neuroscience research. Dr. Rappard grew up in southern California and enlisted in the Navy after high school, serving as a seaman. Rappard served aboard the frigate USS Thach, then part of the famed Destroyer Squadron 21. Rappard’s unit went on to a historical overseas deployment as the first battleship battle group since World War 2, an important component of President Reagan’s Cold War Naval strategy. Dr. Rappard was discharge from the Navy under honorable conditions. After attending the University of California Los Angeles where he earned a B.A. in History, Dr. Rappard received his M.D. degree, with distinction, from the George Washington University. Dr. Rappard then completed a General Surgery internship at the Medical College of Georgia and a Diagnostic Radiology residency at the University of California Irvine. At the University of Texas-Southwestern Dr. Rappard completed fellowships both in Neuroradiology and Neurointerventional Surgery, under the direction of Phillip Purdy, MD. After serving as an Assistant Professor at the University of Texas-Southwestern, Dr. Rappard returned to Southern California where he became Los Angeles’s first community based Neurointerventional Surgeon. Dr. Rappard continued his education after arriving in Los Angeles by completing an additional training in minimally invasive spine surgery. Dr. Rappard also directs the Brain and Spine Research Institute. He has been involved in several NIH trials, a neurological drug trial, neurovascular device trials and spinal implant trials. Dr. Rappard is a senior member of the Society of Neurointerventional Surgery.